The development of each child’s language is pursued through an integrated programme of language work involving listening, talking, writing and reading. In P1 and P2, children use Active Literacy approaches. Children learn letter recognition, and are taught to read and write words from the beginning using a synthetic phonics approach. Through frequent use of non-fiction texts pupils develop reference, research and information handling skills. Alongside this children will develop the necessary knowledge and skills of spelling, punctuation, language structure and handwriting, each at a level appropriate to the individual child’s needs. Writing will form an important part of this development and the child will follow a programme which will start with simple stories, before moving on to different forms of writing activities. Considerable emphasis will be laid on talking and discussion. This will take place in all areas of the curriculum, in normal day to day teaching.